Medical Gastroenterology

Overview

Medical gastroenterology is a subspecialty of internal medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the digestive system. Gastroenterologists are physicians who specialize in this field and are trained to manage a wide range of gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. These conditions can affect various parts of the digestive tract, including the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and rectum.

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Key Aspects of Medical Gastroenterology

Diagnosis

Gastroenterologists use a variety of diagnostic tools and procedures to identify GI disorders. This may include endoscopy (such as upper endoscopy and colonoscopy), imaging studies (like MRI, CT scans, and ultrasound), blood tests, and stool tests.

Screening

Gastroenterologists play a crucial role in colorectal cancer screening through colonoscopy and other screening modalities. Early detection and removal of precancerous polyps can significantly reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer.

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KIDNEY TRASPLANTATION

Evaluation and selection of suitable kidney donors and recipients. Pre-transplant assessments and compatibility testing. Living donor and deceased donor transplant procedures. Minimally invasive laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

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TRANSPLANT SURGERY AND CARE

Advanced surgical techniques for kidney transplantation. Robotic-assisted and laparoscopic procedures. Post-transplant monitoring and follow-up care.

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RENAL TRANSPLANT EVALUTION AND WORKUP

Comprehensive medical and surgical evaluations for potential transplant candidates. Diagnostic testing, including blood work, imaging, and biopsies. Evaluation of transplant suitability and consideration of alternative treatments.

Common Conditions

Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions, including:
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • Peptic ulcers

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

  • Celiac disease

  • Gallbladder disease

  • Pancreatitis

  • Liver diseases (e.g., hepatitis, cirrhosis)

  • Colorectal cancer screening and management

Treatment

Once a diagnosis is made, gastroenterologists develop treatment plans tailored to the specific condition. Treatment options may include medications, lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, endoscopic procedures, and, in some cases, surgery.

Multidisciplinary Approach 

Gastroenterologists often collaborate with other medical specialists, such as surgeons, radiologists, oncologists, and nutritionists, to provide comprehensive care for patients with complex GI conditions.

Preventive Care

In addition to treating GI disorders, gastroenterologists promote preventive care, including advising patients on maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle to prevent digestive problems.

Research and Advancements

Gastroenterology is a rapidly evolving field, with ongoing research leading to new treatments and insights into GI disorders. Gastroenterologists often engage in clinical research to advance the understanding and management of digestive diseases.

Our Consultants

DR.ARUN KASIVISWANATHAN
Dr. ARUN KASIVISWANATHAN
MBBS.,MS.,Mch
Gastroenterologist
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