What Dermatologists Want You to Know About Skin Care

India has got all-time sunny weather but the scorching heat and sunshine in the month of May will make us feel like our skin is burning.  According to the UV radiation index from WHO, the UV rays between 0 – 2 is considered safe on skin and enjoyable. But you must seek shade, and carry your sunscreen when it is between indices 3 – 7. Now, what if it is above 7? In India, the UV radiation level starts from 11, and in southern states like Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh it reaches 12. The index recommends us to avoid going out when the radiation exceeds 7. This is simply impossible for many of us however we can bring certain changes and incorporate skin care practices.  This blog from Supreme Hospital, one of the best Dermatologist Hospitals in Padur, provides insights on how to protect your skin from harmful UV days even on the days when you are out.

So, what happens when we expose our skin to this level of UV radiation?

UV index above 11 is considered extreme and harmful to our skin and our health as well. This can cause severe problems such as:

  • Sunburn
  • Premature skin aging
  • Eye damage
  • DNA damage to skin cells leading to skin cancer
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Pityriasis Rosea 

To prevent yourself from these threatening skin conditions, here are the classic tips you need to follow.

Avoid Sun Exposure During Peak Hours (10 am to 4 pm)

  • The sun’s rays are strongest during these hours, significantly increasing the risk of sunburn and other skin damage.
  • Minimize outdoor activities during this time, especially if you have a history of sun sensitivity.
  • If you must be outside, seek shade whenever possible, such as under trees, umbrellas, or covered areas.

Wear Loose-Fitting, Breathable Clothing

  • Tight clothing can trap heat and irritate already sunburned skin.
  • Opt for loose-fitting garments made from natural, breathable fabrics like cotton or linen.
  • These fabrics allow for better airflow and help regulate your body temperature, preventing excessive sweating and discomfort.

Always Wear Sunscreen

  • Sunscreen is your primary defense against harmful UV radiation.
  • Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher, offering protection against both UVA and UVB rays.
  • Apply sunscreen liberally to all exposed skin, including your face, ears, neck, and hands, at least 15 minutes before sun exposure.
  • Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours, especially after sweating, swimming, or towel drying.

Drink Plenty of Water

  • Staying hydrated is crucial for overall health and skin health.
  • When exposed to the sun, your body loses fluids through sweating, which can lead to dehydration.
  • Drinking plenty of water throughout the day helps replenish lost fluids and keeps your skin hydrated and supple.
  • Dehydrated skin is more susceptible to sunburn and other sun-related damage.

And if you are someone who likes to pamper your skin, watch out for these chemicals. Check if they are present in your skincare products as they can increase sun sensitivity.

  • Retinol

This common anti-aging ingredient makes skin more vulnerable to UV damage.

  • Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)

These exfoliating acids like glycolic and lactic acid can thin the outer layer of skin, making it more susceptible to sunburn.

  • Citrus extracts

These can cause photosensitivity reactions in some individuals.

By following these simple yet effective tips, you can significantly reduce your risk of experiencing the harmful effects of high UV radiation during summer and protect your skin for the long term. Remember, sun protection is not just about preventing sunburn; it’s about safeguarding your skin health and reducing the risk of developing serious skin conditions later in life.  It is important to have better skin care during summer,  and consulting our dermatologist is equally important, for it  will help you plan a better skin care for your unique skin. Supreme Hospital, one of the leading Dermatologist Hospitals in Padur, offers the best skin care services. So, book your consultation today.

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